Planning A Well
Having access to water is a human necessity. Today, most people can happily rely on water companies to deliver their water directly to their faucet.
In some locations this is not possible. It is also not always desirable.
Wells have been the go-to water source for most people for thousands of years. Wells allow you to tap into underground deposits of water that are already ready to use.
How do you find the best place to dig a well?
There are many things to consider when choosing the location that will supply your drinking water!
One thing to consider is what lies under the ground. You do not want to try to dig your well into bedrock for example because not only will it be harder to actually dig or drill, but you are relying on finding what equates to cracks in layers of rocks as your water source. These would be extremely hard to locate.
You want a softer, sandy soil if possible to have the best chances of having a good water source. This also adds the benefit of filtering the water before it ever rises in your well. You want the water to seep through the earth so that contaminates are taken care of.
You also want to consider the direction of the flow of groundwater. It tends to flow downward, so pay attention to any possible slopes.
Another below ground consideration is what will be draining to this location. You do not want your well in a location where your outhouse or septic can leak into it. The same applies to animal wastes.
Above ground, you want to consider this as well. In this case, you do not want it close to a creek that will overflow and allow the collection of unfiltered water. Likewise, you do not want it in a low spot where rain water can pool, bringing bacteria from wherever it landed along with it.
Finally, you want to consider accessibility. Will you be able to use it efficiently? Or if you are hiring someone to drill it, will they be able to gain access to the location with the required equipment?
Don’t forget about local government! Permits may be required, and in some locations, wells may not even be allowed. For example, you can buy land for extremely cheap in parts of Arizona because you cannot dig wells and water companies cannot hook up to them. In cases like this people will end up having to haul water in for every use!
With a little research, you should be able to address all these areas without issue and enjoy your own supply of water.
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